How to Approach a Horse Safely

Horses, majestic and powerful creatures, hold a unique charm that attracts many to horseback riding, horse care, and equestrian sports. However, it’s crucial to remember that approaching a horse safely is an art that requires understanding and respect. 

This knowledge is particularly valuable for equestrians, horse enthusiasts, caregivers, parents, and anyone who encounters these beautiful animals. Understanding the dynamics of horse behavior and how to approach a horse safely can prevent potential injuries and ensure a positive interaction.

Understanding Horse Behavior

Horses, by nature, are prey animals. Their behavior and responses are deeply rooted in survival instincts. The flight response is one of the most fundamental reactions exhibited by horses, and it is directly related to their perception of safety. 

A horse’s flight response is triggered when they feel threatened or in danger, causing them to flee from the perceived threat. Therefore, when approaching a horse, it’s crucial to do so in a manner that communicates safety and respect.

Recognizing Signs of Discomfort or Fear in a Horse

Identifying signs of discomfort or fear in a horse is a critical skill for anyone dealing with these animals. A horse may display physical and behavioral signs such as pinned ears, widened eyes, raised or swishing tail, and pacing or stamping. 

Recognizing these signs can help prevent a potentially dangerous situation by giving the individual an opportunity to back off and reassess their approach.

The Safe Way to Approach a Horse

Step 1: Observe the Horse First

Before initiating contact, take time to observe the horse’s demeanor from a distance. Look for cues in its body language that could indicate its mood. Is it grazing peacefully or pacing restlessly? Are its ears perked up in curiosity or flattened against its head in anxiety? Understanding these cues can help guide your approach and interactions.

Step 2: Approach Quietly but Deliberately

After observing, approach the horse calmly and confidently. Do not rush or make sudden, unpredictable movements. Instead, move at a steady pace. This can help show the horse that you’re not a threat, and prevent triggering its flight response.

Step 3: Approach from the Front-Left, or “Near” Side

Horses have a blind spot directly in front of and directly behind them. Therefore, it’s safest to approach from the front-left side, which is in the horse’s field of vision and is traditionally called the “near” side. This also allows the horse to see you clearly and not be startled.

Step 4: Announce Your Presence

As you get closer to the horse, softly speak or make a noise to announce your presence. This helps prevent surprising the horse, which could startle it. You could say something like “Hello, boy” in a gentle voice, letting the horse know that you’re friendly.

Step 5: Offer Your Hand for the Horse to Smell

When you’re close enough to the horse, extend your hand slowly for the horse to sniff. Horses use their sense of smell to identify people and other horses, so this is similar to a human handshake. Make sure your hand is palm down and fingers are loosely closed, not outstretched, to avoid accidentally poking the horse.

Step 6: Look for Signs of Acceptance

After the horse has sniffed your hand, watch for signs that it has accepted your presence. These could include the horse moving its ears forward, softening its eyes, or leaning into your touch. If the horse steps back or shows signs of discomfort, give it more space and time to get used to you.

Step 7: Gently Pet the Horse

If the horse seems comfortable, you can start to pet it. Use a gentle touch and stroke it in the direction of its fur. It’s usually best to start on the horse’s neck or shoulder, as these are less sensitive areas. Remember to watch the horse’s reactions and stop if it seems uncomfortable.

Step 8: Move Around the Horse with Caution

When moving around a horse, especially to its side or back, be cautious. Stay close to the horse’s body as it’s safer than being in its kicking range. Also, keep your hand on the horse as you move around to let it know where you are. Always avoid standing directly behind the horse, as this is a blind spot and a common area for kicking.

Each of these steps is designed to establish trust and communicate respect to the horse, helping to ensure a positive interaction.

Positive Interaction with a Horse

Establishing a positive interaction with a horse is essential. Speak softly and move slowly to create a calm environment. When touching a horse, use gentle strokes rather than patting or slapping. Always be aware of the horse’s reactions and adjust your behavior accordingly.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Approaching a Horse

Here are some common mistakes people often make when approaching a horse, and why they can be dangerous:

1. Rushing the Approach: 

Horses are prey animals with a strong flight response, and rushing towards them can be perceived as a threat. This can cause the horse to panic and potentially react in a way that could cause injury.

2. Ignoring the Horse’s Body Language: 

Horses communicate largely through their body language. Ignoring signs of discomfort or fear, such as pinned ears, swishing tail, or nervous movements, can lead to a situation where the horse feels threatened and may react defensively.

3. Approaching from the Wrong Side: 

Horses have blind spots directly in front and directly behind them. Approaching a horse from its blind spots can startle it. It’s generally recommended to approach from the front-left side, or the “near” side, which is within the horse’s field of vision.

4. Not Announcing Your Presence: 

Sneaking up on a horse or surprising it can trigger its flight response. It’s important to make your presence known by speaking softly as you approach.

5. Touching Sensitive Areas Prematurely: 

If you immediately reach for sensitive areas such as the horse’s face, ears, or belly, it can cause discomfort or fear. It’s better to start with less sensitive areas like the neck or shoulder, and only touch other areas once the horse is comfortable with you.

6. Not Allowing the Horse to Smell You: 

Horses use their sense of smell to identify people and other horses. Not extending your hand for the horse to smell can make it more difficult for the horse to identify you as a friend rather than a threat.

7. Standing in the Horse’s Kicking Zone: 

The area directly behind a horse is a common kicking zone. Standing in this area, especially without the horse knowing you’re there, can put you at risk of being kicked.

Avoiding these mistakes can help ensure that your interactions with horses are positive and safe for both you and the horse

Special Considerations for Young, Old, or Unfamiliar Horses

Approaching young, old, or unfamiliar horses requires special considerations. Young horses may not be accustomed to

being approached and may be more reactive, so extra patience and calmness are needed. Old horses may have physical issues such as hearing or sight loss, which should be taken into account. Unfamiliar horses may not be used to your presence or scent, so take extra time to let them get to know you.

Essential Tips for Parents and Young Riders

It’s vital for parents to teach young children the correct way to approach and interact with horses. Emphasizing supervision, teaching respect for the horse, and explaining the importance of moving slowly and calmly can help ensure their safety. 

For young riders, understanding the horse’s body language and learning to respond appropriately is key. 


Approaching a horse safely is an essential skill for anyone interacting with these magnificent creatures. By understanding horse behavior, recognizing signs of discomfort or fear, and following the right steps to approach a horse, we can ensure a positive and safe interaction. 

The importance of safety when approaching horses cannot be overemphasized – it’s not just about preventing harm to ourselves, but also about respecting these sensitive and intelligent animals.


How do you first approach a horse?

You should first observe the horse, approach it quietly but deliberately from the front-left side, announce your presence, offer your hand for the horse to smell, look for signs of acceptance, gently pet the horse, and move around the horse with caution.

What is the best way to greet a horse?

The best way to greet a horse is to extend your hand slowly and let the horse smell you. This is akin to a ‘handshake’ in the horse world.

How do you get a horse to trust you?

Building trust with a horse takes time and consistency. Be patient, gentle, and respectful. Positive reinforcement, such as treats or grooming, can also help establish trust.

How do you show respect to a horse?

Respecting a horse involves understanding its behavior, recognizing and responding appropriately to its body language, and treating it kindly and gently. Respect also means giving the horse space when it shows signs of discomfort or fear.